MCMDO needs to take the following steps in the implementation of the strategy. Communicate the strategy to all parties who have the stake in its implementation. Update the organogram and clearly define roles and responsibilities of individuals and units for its implementation. Breakdown the strategic plan into annual work plan; Design monitoring and evaluation mechanisms with indicators for outcome and impact for the realization of the plan into action. Assume risks and identify corresponding mitigation means Revise the Strategic Plan on need bases 8.1. Organizational Restructuring Strategy execution depends heavily on the structure and system in place. There needs to be a good match between the system, and the resources (human, financial and material resources). Therefore, MCMDO should review its structure, systems and resources in line with the new strategic direction of the organization.
Ethiopia’s economy is dependent on agriculture, which contributes 43 percent of the GDP and 90 percent of exports. However, just five percent of land is irrigated, and crop yields from small farms are below regional averages. Market linkages are weak, and the use of improved seeds, fertilizers and pesticides remains limited. Despite these challenges, agriculture-led economic growth that is linked to improved livelihoods and nutrition can become a long-lasting solution to Ethiopia’s chronic poverty and food insecurity (USAID). According to UN FAO, 10.2 million people were food insecure.
The governments is committed to ensuring food security and strengthen the capacity of disaster prevention and preparedness by increasing agricultural productivity and production and implementing other safety net and risk reduction programs. There are also other strategies and programs intended to enhance disaster prevention and preparedness capacity. Hence, strengthening the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) and other related facilities will be undertaken to benefit chronically food-insecure citizens. Providing effective credit facilities and other supplementary and complementary programs will be implemented to accelerate the graduation of PSNP beneficiaries (GTPII). The program provides regular cash and/or food transfers to roughly eight million people in more than 318 food insecure districts, people who would otherwise be included in the humanitarian appeal for food aid. During the GTP II period Food Reserve from 405,000 tons in 2014/2015 will grow to 3,000,000 tons in 2019/20.
In its refugee and local community context, MCMDO had implemented numerous projects on food security and livelihoods thematic component. The interventions enabled target communities to improve their household income, improve their productivity and enhance their dietary diversity. As a result of this poor and marginalized women and children in particular could realize their vision and use their potential which contribute for the reduction of gender disparities and reduce poverty and vulnerabilities. MCMDO had implemented 20 projects under the development and humanitarian response programs.
Climate change is now affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives, costing people, communities and countries dearly today and even more tomorrow.
People are experiencing the significant impacts of climate change, which include changing weather patterns, rising sea level, and more extreme weather events. The greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are driving climate change and continue to rise. They are now at their highest levels in history. Without action, the world’s average surface temperature is projected to rise over the 21st century and is likely to surpass 3 degrees Celsius this century—with some areas of the world expected to warm even more. The poorest and most vulnerable people are being affected the most.
MCMDO had implemented eight projects on renewable energy alternatives such as solar energy and bio gas energy and value chain, environmental conservation such integrated water and soil management, water harvesting and reforestation interventions. On the other hand MCMDO had implemented innovation pilot project on solid waste management and value chain projects in Addis Ababa. Currently, MCMDO has five ongoing projects on solar energy for irrigation/water pumping, power supply and capacity building projects. MCMDO is on the way to sell solar energy to Ethiopian Electric Power from its solar energy plant in Addis Ababa.
Since 2016, MCMDO developed REESDE program (Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency for Sustainable Development in Ethiopia) in partnership with French Organizations blueEnergy and EDF Foundation. The aim of this program is to build MCMDO capacities in Renewable Energies and to develop high-impact projects. MCMDO-REESDE has successfully implement 4 pilot solar water drinking projects in Harari region and 1 solar irrigation project in Ethio-somali region. Currently, MCMDO-REESDE is working on creating energy autonomous and climate resilient rural community model which has solar kiosk, community managed biogas and collective biogas kitchen, solar cooker and solar water heater and MCMDO-REESDE is implementing 8 solar water drinking projects in Harari region for more than 100,000 beneficiaries with in collaboration with Harari Water and Sanitation Bureau.
Nutrition is a cross-cutting issue that contributes to achievement or acceleration of progress towards several MDGs. Ethiopia has one of the highest rates of malnutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa, and faces acute and chronic malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Nutrition deficiencies during the first critical 1,000 days (pregnancy to 2 years) put a child at risk ofbeing stunted. This affects 40% of children in Ethiopia (Mini DHS 2014).As confirmed by consecutive EDHS results, there is a decline in stunting, underweight and wasting in children under-five years of age. However, a stunting rate of 40% remains a great concern with the subsequent life course impact of malnutrition on the long-term health of individuals and the socioeconomic development of the nation. There is a regional variation ranging in malnutrition 22.9 % in Addis to 49.2 % in Afar and seven of the regions have a rate more than 30%. Stunting is more prevalent among rural dwellers and children from families in the lowest quintiles of educational and wealth status.
Cognizant of the nutrition issues, a national nutrition strategy and program (NNSP) has been developed and implemented in a multi-sectoral approach. The HSDP IV has integrate nutrition into the Health Extension Programme to improve the nutritional status of mothers and children through Enhanced Outreach Strategy (EOS)health posts) .
The morbidity, mortality and vulnerability of pregnant & lactating women and infant & youth are prevalent in Ethiopia as a result of problems related to nutrition. MCMDO works on CMAM, SBCC on nutrition and prevention of hidden hunger and micronutrient deficiencies.
MCMDO had implemented 10 projects under this thematic component. MCMDO has achieved significant impacts on its nutrition projects both under development and emergency nutrition projects. As a result of this outstanding achievement, the former UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon has visited our nutrition projects in Oromia region, Zeway Dugda woreda during his visit to Ethiopia.
In Ethiopia, since the adoption of the National Policy on Women in 1993, various national policies on education and training, health, population and other areas have incorporated plans to boost women’s participation and gender equality (MoWCYA 2006). Ethiopia’s national development plans, including the current GTP, have embraced gender equality policies, and a National Action Plan (NAP) on gender equality has been developed. Regarding institutional support, the Ministry of Women, Children and Youth Affairs (MoWCYA) serves as the primary executing ministry with the mandate for implementing the policy framework on women and children’s issues. In the same way, regional Bureaux of Women, Children and Youth Affairs (BoWCYA) have been put in place and are responsible for mainstreaming and ensuring women’s rights (MoFED and UN, 2012).
Ethiopia suffers from some of lowest gender equality performance that is ranked at 127 out of 142 countries in terms of the magnitude and scope of gender disparities (Global Gender Gap report 2014). Women and girls in Ethiopia are strongly disadvantaged compared to boys and men in several areas, including literacy, health, livelihoods and basic human rights. They also suffer from low status in their society and lack social support networks. Manifestations of discrimination against women are numerous and acute.
In 2014, more than 1.7 million youth were attending higher education in 1312 TVETs and 33 universities. More than 3.5 million adults beneficial from the adult education program and 6.6 million are currently in the program. Proportion of girls enrolled in primary and secondary education has exceeded 45% in 2014 as a direct result of the GoE’s policy to empower women through enhancing girls’ education. Nonetheless, the enrollment rate among children with disabilities is below 5%.
The country’s vision with regard to education and training is “building an education and training system which assures quality and equity in education by the year 2019/20 which aims at producing competent citizens”. Thus, the major priorities of the education and training sector during the period of GTPII include the following:
MCMDO had implemented 17 projects under this thematic area in different regions. It had built schools, libraries, kindergartens, primary schools and youth and ICT centers. On the other hand different supplementary reading materials, reference materials, laboratory equipment, playground/materials, teaching aid, mini media equipment and other related inputs were provided to schools in different times.
To increase the access and quality of education MCMDO aimed at improving the access and quality of education for the most hard to reach and disadvantaged groups, through construction of kindergarten, upgrade/extension of elementary schools, youth centers, and sponsorship of educational materials and one to one sponsorship for school enrollment of children.
Since its establishment, MCMDO has completed 130 projects and 33 projects are currently under implementation. MCMDO works in all regions in Ethiopia. For the last 22 years of service, MCMDO has reached and benefited more than seven million beneficiaries.
The projects fall under the nine prime thematic areas of MCMDO i.e. health, education, women empowerment, climate change and environmental protection, WaSH, nutrition, food security & livelihoods, Human Rights & Democracy and Conflict Resolution and Reconciliation.
In all its implementation areas, MCMDO works closely with the relevant government offices at all levels; i.e. at federal, regional woreda and Kebele levels.
MCMDO’s head office is located in Addis Ababa and has 20 branch/coordination offices in Ethiopian Somali, Gambella, Addis Ababa, Amhara, Oromia, Tigray, Dire Dawa, Harar, Afar, SNNP and Benishangul Gumuz regions. The organization has 358 devoted and experienced permanent and project staffs. The staff qualification ranges from MA to Diploma. Logistics wise, the organization has ten 14-wheel drive vehicles, one tractor and 24 motor cycles used to implement project activities. It has also a well-organized and structured system that facilitates the day to day activities of the organization.
Ethiopia has successfully achieved six of the eight MDGs. Even for the other two lagging MDGs (MDG 3 on ensuring gender equality and empowering women, and MDG 5 on improving maternal health), significant progress has been observed. Ethiopia is now strategically planning for the Sustainable Development Goals, laying the foundation for achieving middle income status, strengthening export performance through improved competitiveness and overcoming constraints in the manufacturing sector.
Trends in access to basic health services and health gains have also shown dramatic improvements over the last 10 years. Life expectancy, a key component of the HDI, has increased for both men and women (National HDR Report 2015). About 80% of diseases are attributable to preventable conditions that are related to personal and environmental hygiene, infectious diseases and malnutrition1. It is reported that up to 60% of the current disease burden in Ethiopia is attributable to poor sanitation where 15% of total deaths are from diarrhoea, mainly among the large population of children under five. Based on revised data from the National Water Sanitation and Health Inventory, national potable water supply coverage increased